The Nile region is well endowed with energy resources that include natural gas, oil, hydropower potential, geothermal energy, coal, peat, biomass, solar and wind. Despite the richness in energy sources, electricity supply in many Nile countries is inadequate, unreliable and expensive. About half of the 556 million people residing in the Nile Basin countries have no access to electricity and mostly rely on kerosene and biofuels as their source of energy. The region’s energy deficit is seriously stifling its economic growth and affecting job creation, agricultural transformation, and improvements in health, education and standards of living. Thermal plants are the dominant source of energy but hydropower is emerging as an increasingly important energy source in the region due to its renewable and pollution-free nature, long economic life and typically low unit energy costs. Only 42% of the region’s hydropower potential, estimated at 31,000 MW, has been developed (NBI, 2020).

The Nile is a resource of strategic importance with potential to support the Nile riparian countries to overcome development challenges and transform into prosperous nations. But to achieve this goal, a significant amount of investment is needed across several water-related sectors. The amount of investment required is huge, and is more than what any one regional organisation acting alone can deliver. Some form of collaboration amongst the regional organisations present in the Nile Basin to promote a common investment agenda is necessary for effective development of the Nile River Basin.

The Nile River Basin Investment Programme is part of a broader process through which the NBI will work with Nile riparian states, Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and other relevant regional and continental organisations, to develop a multi-sectoral and multi-agency portfolio of basin-wide and regionally significant investment projects needed to develop the Nile Basin.

Facts & Figures

  • The NR-BIP projects a 5% increase in the usage of non-conventional water, which includes treated wastewater, agricultural drainage water, and sea water desalination, in its 10-year implementation period.
  • At the end of its 10-year implementation, the Nile River Basin Implementation Plan will witness an increase in the water storage capacity of 500 MCM.
  • The NR-BIP foresees an increase of 20,000 ha of farmland that is equipped for irrigation; an increase of 75,000 ha of rainfed farmland where climate-smart agricultural practices have been adopted and are under application.

Strategy

  • The Nile Basin 10-year Strategy Goal 6 Strategic Direction 1.6 and 1.7: 1.6 Strengthen joint basin and sub-basin water resources management 

    Planning. Under this Strategic Direction, Nile-SEC is to Develop agreed planning framework to support coordination water resources planning and management in the Nile Basin.

    1.7 Strengthen basin investment programmes preparation and management. Under this Strategic Direction, Nile-SEC is to:

    (i) Put in a place a basin‐wide investment programme support function at

    the Nile‐Sec; and

    (ii) Develop, promote and initiate implementation of a basin‐wide

    investment programme building on NBI's sub‐basin level multi‐sector

    investment programmes.

Topics / Activities

Expected Results

The key expected results from the Nile River Basin Investment Plan include an increase in wastewater treatment capacity of 150,000 m3/day, an increase of 1,000 MW of installed hydropower generation capacity; an increase of 50 MW in installed generation capacity (MW) for alternative gre...

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Expected Results

The key expected results from the Nile River Basin Investment Plan include an increase in wastewater treatment capacity of 150,000 m3/day, an increase of 1,000 MW of installed hydropower generation capacity; an increase of 50 MW in installed generation capacity (MW) for alternative green energy sources relative and 10 GWh/yr increase in power traded between countries. The plan is also expected to deliver an improvement of navigation along a 400 km stretch of waterway, and an increase of US$2 million/year in value of bulk goods transported by water between Nile countries, and an increase of US$1million in value of intra-basin agricultural trade per year, an increase of 25,000 ha of watershed under improved management and a 5% reduction in human deaths as well as 5% reduction in economic damage resulting from climate-related natural disasters.

Overarching Goal

The overarching consideration in setting the interim targets is to achieve as large an impact as possible with resources that can reasonably be mobilised in the 10-year implementation period. In the longer-term, when the Nile River Basin Management Plan has been fully prepared, the Basin Investme...

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Overarching Goal

The overarching consideration in setting the interim targets is to achieve as large an impact as possible with resources that can reasonably be mobilised in the 10-year implementation period. In the longer-term, when the Nile River Basin Management Plan has been fully prepared, the Basin Investment Plan targets will be replaced by targets drawn from the Nile River Basin Management Plan (NR-BMP).

Importance of NR-BIP

The Nile River Basin Investment Plan (NR-BIP) is important and deserving of support because it will help to scale up investments and deliver increased benefits to the Nile riparian countries in terms of socio-economic development, poverty reduction, job creation, livelihood improvement, water, fo...

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Importance of NR-BIP

The Nile River Basin Investment Plan (NR-BIP) is important and deserving of support because it will help to scale up investments and deliver increased benefits to the Nile riparian countries in terms of socio-economic development, poverty reduction, job creation, livelihood improvement, water, food and energy security, capacity building, etc. It will also improve coordination and develop synergies amongst regional organisations, thereby leading to avoidance of duplication and greater efficiency in resource use (financial, human and technical capacities) and support the achievement of greater integration across water-related sectors to more sustainable development. The NR-BIP will provide orientation and a mechanism for prioritisation and improved delivery of regionally-significant water-related investments in the Nile Basin as well as contribute to building trust and confidence and deepening of Nile cooperation amongst Nile riparian countries and support regional integration through cooperatively planned and managed water infrastructure, regional power trade, navigation and trade in agricultural products.

Navigation Scenarios

Three Nile Navigation Scenarios are being looked into for the Nile River Basin Investment Plan.

  1. Baseline Scenario (Business as Usual/Current Status quo scenario) - How the Nile-NAV is at the moment and what water requirements are needed to keep it going;
  2. Minimum Impac...
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Navigation Scenarios

Three Nile Navigation Scenarios are being looked into for the Nile River Basin Investment Plan.

  1. Baseline Scenario (Business as Usual/Current Status quo scenario) - How the Nile-NAV is at the moment and what water requirements are needed to keep it going;
  2. Minimum Impacts Scenario (Low-impacts and No-Regret Developments scenario); and
  3. Full development scaneior/high impacts development scenario, which is a combination of baseline scenario and National Development Plans up to 2038. Here, NBI may consider all developments planned by the countries.

Strategic Investment Areas

The NR-BIP will support investments in the support of the goals of the NR-BIP related to water energy and food security, environmental sustainability and climate resilience goals of the NR-BIP.

The NR-BIP is structured around three strategic investment areas, namely: (1...

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Strategic Investment Areas

The NR-BIP will support investments in the support of the goals of the NR-BIP related to water energy and food security, environmental sustainability and climate resilience goals of the NR-BIP.

The NR-BIP is structured around three strategic investment areas, namely: (1) water security and climate resilient water resources management; (2) food security and agricultural water management; and (3) energy security: regional power trade and renewable power generation.

Project Selection

The approach for the projects section to form the NR-BIP project portfolio is also fully described in the project document. A project selection criterion has been outlined, which will be used to screen projects and rank them. Thereafter, the first projects intake for the BIP will be prepared...

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Project Selection

The approach for the projects section to form the NR-BIP project portfolio is also fully described in the project document. A project selection criterion has been outlined, which will be used to screen projects and rank them. Thereafter, the first projects intake for the BIP will be prepared and presented to the Head of States Summit for their pronouncement and visibility that will enable resource mobilisation and implementation.

Implementing Partners

The NR-BIP is a multisectoral programme that includes all key players in the Nile Basin, for example, Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Nile Basin Initiative Secretariat (Nile-SEC), The Nile Basin Initiative Subsidiary Action Programmes (NELSAP-CU and ENTRO), Lake Victoria Basin Commissi...

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Implementing Partners

The NR-BIP is a multisectoral programme that includes all key players in the Nile Basin, for example, Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Nile Basin Initiative Secretariat (Nile-SEC), The Nile Basin Initiative Subsidiary Action Programmes (NELSAP-CU and ENTRO), Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC), Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD), East Africa Power Pool (EAPP) and the NBI Member States.

Water Security and Climate Resilient WRM

This investment area deals with growing demand for water from multiple sectors against a background of increasing population with the associated increasing environmental degradation and increasing pollution of surface and groundwaters, and growing impacts of climate change. This area includes inc...

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Water Security and Climate Resilient WRM

This investment area deals with growing demand for water from multiple sectors against a background of increasing population with the associated increasing environmental degradation and increasing pollution of surface and groundwaters, and growing impacts of climate change. This area includes increasing efficiency of water supply systems and managing demand, mobilisation alternative sources of water, adapting the water system to climate risks, maintaining the Nile's river flows and maintaining the Nile's river quality.

Food Security and Agricultural Water Management

This investment area addresses the challenges of the Nile riparian countries to produce sufficient food to feed their populations due to inefficient farming systems, and impacts of water stress and climate change, set against a background of rising demand for food from a growing population, and l...

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Food Security and Agricultural Water Management

This investment area addresses the challenges of the Nile riparian countries to produce sufficient food to feed their populations due to inefficient farming systems, and impacts of water stress and climate change, set against a background of rising demand for food from a growing population, and low intra-basin trade in agricultural products. It entails irrigation development and enhanced agricultural water management, enhancing agricultural water and soil management for climate smart, drought resilient rainfed agriculture and regional trade and cross investments in agricultural production. 

Regional Power Trade and Renewable Power Generation

This investment area addresses the challenge of power supply shortages and low electrification rates in the region due to insufficient power generation and low regional power trade against a backdrop of rising power demand and necessity to efficiently transition to a renewable power sources. It e...

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Regional Power Trade and Renewable Power Generation

This investment area addresses the challenge of power supply shortages and low electrification rates in the region due to insufficient power generation and low regional power trade against a backdrop of rising power demand and necessity to efficiently transition to a renewable power sources. It entails the development and rehabilitation of hydropower generation capacity and dam safety, the development of other renewable sources of power, and regional power trade and interconnections.