The Nile Basin Initiative provides the first and only all-inclusive platform for the Basin States to discuss with trust and confidence, how to collectively take care of and jointly use the shared Nile Basin water and related resources. This is crucial in order to maximize win-win benefits for current and future generations and minimize risks and costs..

Transboundary Power Generation

Electricity is not a natural resource, and hence, is not freely available for use, therefore, it has to be produced with the help of other resources such as water. Electricity is an essential part of modern life and is important in the Nile Basin for lighting, heating, cooling, etc.

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Catchment Management

Catchment is the action of collecting water, especially the collection of rainfall over a natural drainage area. A catchment area is, therefore, a geographical location from which rainfall flows into a river, lake, or reservoir.

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State of Basin Monitoring

Over the years, several of the Nile Basin countries have been among the fastest-growing economies on the African continent. Across many parts of the Basin, great advances have been made in tackling poverty, malnutrition, health issues and unemployment.

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Power Interconnection

Access to electricity is a priority for the Nile Basin region’s economies because it is a prerequisite to poverty reduction and economic growth. Apart from the Eastern Nile countries, which average 64% access, most Nile Equatorial Lakes countries have very low access to electricity, with an average of 33% (International Energy Agency, 2019).

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Water Quality Management System

Water is the lifeline of nearly every aspect of life. Keeping that water in a useable state, therefore, greatly increases its availability and the sustenance of the life that depends on it. In fact, water quality is one of the most important factors in a healthy ecosystem because clean water supports a diversity of plants and wildlife.

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Environmental Flows

The Nile and its main tributaries flow through a large variety of ecosystems, each of great relevance for biodiversity conservation and human livelihoods, and providing important regional and local ecosystem services. The continued provision of these ecosystem services is heavily dependent on a minimum water flow, or environmental flows.

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Flood and Drought Risk Mitigation

Flooding is an annual problem in many countries in the Nile Basin including Sudan and Uganda. August and September in the Eastern Nile region are especially dangerous months because the Monsoon rains pour in the Ethiopian highlands and flow down to the Blue Nile and White Nile, causing untold havoc as the waters flood the lower lands in Sudan.

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Nile River Basin Investment Plan

The Nile region is well endowed with energy resources that include natural gas, oil, hydropower potential, geothermal energy, coal, peat, biomass, solar and wind. Despite the richness in energy sources, electricity supply in many Nile countries is inadequate, unreliable and expensive.

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Nile River Basin Management Plan

The Nile Agenda is about what needs to be done to support the attainment of the Nile Vision Objective, agreed by the NBI member countries in 2002 to “achieve sustainable socio-economic development through equitable utilisation of, and benefit from, the common Nile Basin water resources.”

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ENTRO Internship Programme

In complex basins such as the Nile, where historical perceptions, culture and politics often overshadow facts on the ground, technical understanding and solutions to transboundary river-related development issues need to be devised.

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Strategic Water Resources Analysis

As the populations and economies of the Nile Basin countries grow, so does the demand for water, food and energy. If countries develop as planned and without coordination, this will put pressure on the already strained water resources of the region.

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Dam Safety and Coordinated Operation of Cascade Dams

The Eastern Nile sub basin is characterised by rapid population growth, environmental degradation, high rainfall variability and seasonality and frequent natural disasters. The population in the sub basin is projected to increase significantly over the coming decades.

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